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As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • Manuscripts must be 1.5-spaced, Time Roman font size 12 with 3cm margins on both sides of A4 page; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.

  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Format: Manuscripts must be 1.5-spaced, Time Roman font size 12 with 3cm margins on both sides of A4 page.

Abstracts: Each paper should have an abstract of 100-150 words, reporting concisely on the purpose and results of the paper.

Text: Follow this order when typing manuscripts: Title page (Project title, Authors, Affiliations, Contacts, Abstract, and Keywords), Main text, Acknowledgements, References, Figure Captions, Tables and Appendix. Do not import the Figures or Tables into your text. The corresponding author should be identified with an asterisk and footnote. All other footnotes (except for table footnotes) should be identified with superscript Arabic numbers. The title of the paper should unambiguously reflect its contents. Where the title exceeds 70 characters a suggestion for an abbreviated running title should be given.

Units: The SI system should be used for all scientific and laboratory data; if, in certain instances, it is necessary to quote other units, these should be added in parentheses. Temperatures should be given in degrees Celsius. The unit 'billion' (109 in America, 1012 in Europe) is ambiguous and should not be used. Use metric measurements (or state the equivalent). Similarly, give a US dollar equivalent of other currencies. Symbols: Abbreviations for units should follow the suggestions of the British Standards publication BS 1991. The full stop should not be included in abbreviations, e.g. m (not m.), ppm (not p.p.m   .), % and '/' should be used in preference to 'per cent' and 'per'. Where abbreviations are likely to cause ambiguity or may not be readily understood by an international readership, units should be put in full. Current recognized (IUPAC) chemical nomenclature should be used, although commonly accepted trivial names may be used where there is no risk of ambiguity. The use of proprietary names should be avoided. Papers essentially of an advertising nature will not be accepted.

References: All publications cited in the text should be presented in a list of references following the text of the manuscript. No more than 30 references should be cited in your manuscript. In the text refer to the author's name (without initials) and year of publication (e.g. "Oketch-Rabah, Mwangi, Listergen and Mberu (2000) studied the effects..." or "...similar to values reported by others (Getenga, Jondiko & Wandiga, 2000)..."). For 2-6 authors all, authors are to be listed at first citation. At subsequent citations use first author et al. When there are more than 6 authors, first author et al. should be used throughout the text. The list of references should be arranged alphabetically by authors' surnames and should be as full as possible, listing all authors, the full title of articles and journals, publisher and year. The manuscript should be carefully checked to ensure that the spelling of authors' names and dates are exactly the same in the text as in the reference list.

References should be given in the following form:

Ahmed, I. A., & Robinson, R. K. (1999). The ability of date extracts to support the production of aflatoxins. Food Chemistry, 66(3), 307-312.

Marasas, W. F. O. (1996). Fumonisins: History, worldwide occurrence and impact. In L. S. Jackson, J. W. DeVries, & L. B. Bullerman, eds. Fumonisins in food, advances in experimental medicine and biology, vol. 392 (pp. 1-18). New York: Plenum Press.

Massart, D. L., & Kauffmann, L. (1983). Interpretation of analytical data by use of cluster analysis. New York: Wiley. Noel, S., & Collin, S. (1995). Trans-2-nonenal degradation products during mashing. In Proceedings of the 25th European brewery convention congress (pp. 483-490). Oxford: IRL Press.

Citing and listing of web references: As a minimum, the full URL should be given. Any further information, if known (author names, dates, reference to a source publication, etc.), should also be given. Web references can be listed separately (e.g., after the reference list) under a different heading if desired, or can be included in the reference list.


Photographs, charts and diagrams are all to be referred to as "Figure(s)" and should be numbered consecutively in the order to which they are referred. They should accompany the manuscript, but should not be included within the text. All illustrations should be clearly marked with the figure number and the author's name. All figures are to have a caption. Captions should be supplied on a separate sheet. Tables should be numbered consecutively and given a suitable caption and each table typed on a separate sheet. Footnotes to tables should be typed below the table and should be referred to by superscript lowercase letters. No vertical rules should be used.

Preparation of electronic illustrations

Submitting your artwork in an electronic format helps us to produce your work to the best possible standards, ensuring accuracy, clarity and a high level of detail. Authors must ensure that submitted artwork is camera ready.


When your manuscript is received at the Publisher it is considered to be in its final form. Proofs are not to be regarded as 'drafts'. One set of page proofs in PDF format will be sent by email to the corresponding author, to be checked for typesetting/editing. No changes in, or additions to, the accepted (and subsequently edited) manuscript will be allowed at this stage. Proofreading is solely the author(s) responsibility. A form with queries from the copy editor may accompany your proofs. Please answer all queries and make any corrections or additions required. The Publisher reserves the right to proceed with publication if corrections are not communicated. Return corrections within 14 working days of receipt of the proofs. Should there be no corrections, please confirm this. Maseno University Journal will do everything possible to get your article corrected and published as quickly and accurately as possible presumably, with the support of the author. Only one set of corrections will be accepted. The authors should therefore ensure that they make all the recommended corrections and send back in one complete communication. This is important because subsequent corrections will not be possible.